Traditional Outdoor Seating
What makes a public space a seat of populist power? It's nothing more than the humble bench.
Click here for a list of suppliers of benches.
's cast-iron, 19th-century-style bench has been in production for a half century. Photo: courtesy of Canterbury International
"The bench encourages public participation," says Traditional Building's editor emeritus, Clem Labine. "Yet it is surprising how often designers will pay lots of attention to the selection of plant materials, hardscape and architectural features and ignore how to accommodate the people who might want to sit down and admire the designer's handiwork."
The Plaza in Santa Fe and the plaza in front of Boston City Hall are perfect illustrations of the magnetism of the bench. In Santa Fe, benches draw tourists and residents to the plaza to soak up the sun; in Boston, where there's no place to sit in the Brutalist, wind-swept plaza, pedestrians pass it by on the fly."The case can be made that because benches are so crucial to getting people to use public parks and other urban spaces, if you're not going to provide – and maintain – adequate places for seating, then don't bother creating public spaces at all," says Labine.
Here are some examples of historically styled benches that could enhance any park or streetscape:
Designed a half-century ago, Canterbury International's 1890 cast-iron, 19th-century-style bench is one of the firm's best sellers. "We've shipped them all over the world, including South America," says Larry Snyder, owner. "It's a very comfortable bench, and it's reasonably priced." The roll-front bench, which features a polyurethane powder coat in a buyer's choice of colors, may be ordered with wood slats of purpleheart, ipe or jatoba or steel slats. "The steel stops vandals, but in cold climates, it's cold to sit on," says Snyder. "We also make the bench in aluminum, which is more costly and doesn't rust, but I always recommend cast iron because it looks more authentic. Cast iron, after an initial rusting, doesn't rust any more."
Snyder says the bench is virtually maintenance free. "It ages beautifully, but if you want to bring the wood back to brand-new condition, a little light sanding and oil will work," he says. "Also, we sell replacement slats for our benches. This bench is meant to last a lifetime." The bench can be made in any size from 4 ft. and up; a 6-ft. bench with wood slats is about $900.
This curved cast-concrete bench is available from Doty & Sons. Photo: courtesy of Doty & Sons Concrete Products
Doty & Sons Concrete Products' curved bench is a simple yet versatile cast-concrete bench designed for virtually any project. The seat is diamond ground so it is smooth to the touch. There are three styles of legs – wedge, modern and historic-derived Morrison. The company also makes straight benches in the same styles."We've done this since 1948, and I'd expect the benches to last many years with little or no maintenance," says co-owner Sam Doty. "There are three sealer options – semi-gloss, non-gloss and non-gloss anti-graffiti. We apply two coats of the selected sealer to each bench. It's recommended that they be resealed every five years, but most of them don't need it." The straight benches start at $400, and the curved versions begin at $570; custom orders are higher.
The Hadrian Seat from Haddonstone
is made of cast stone and is designed to weather naturally. Photo: courtesy of Haddonstone
Haddonstone's Hadrian Seat is a cast-stone bench seat that is designed to offer elegance in modest proportions. The design – paneled back, scrolled armrests, chimera supports and egg-and-dart seat top – is a combination of antique references from the British company's archives, plus some new ideas. "It's a classic because it's a timeless design that cannot be attributed to one architectural period," says Simon Scott, director of the British company. "Egg and dart molding, for instance, has been a feature of architecture and design since ancient Greek and Roman times, was popular at the Renaissance but still is used today."
Although the seat is designed to weather naturally, it may be cleaned with warm soapy water and a soft brush. "If it's properly installed – it has to be assembled according to our recommendations and sited on a flat and level surface – it should last a lifetime," says Scott. "There's really no need for any maintenance." The seat is available in several colors, including terra cotta and slate. It is priced at $1,911.
Kenneth Lynch & Sons
' Central Park Settee was designed by Frederick Law Olmsted and is one of several styles still in use in the park. Photo: courtesy of Kenneth Lynch & Sons
Designed by Frederick Law Olmsted for Manhattan's Central Park and manufactured for the park by Kenneth Lynch & Sons, the Central Park Settee is one of several styles used in the park. In 1995, the Central Park Conservancy reintroduced it to the more casual sections and modified the design to tilt the backrest forward slightly to make it more comfortable. The sleek frame is made of ductile iron, to provide a slight flexibility that makes it more break resistant. The powder coating protects the iron and has no VOCs. "It's a good coating, and it's good for the atmosphere," says company president Timothy A. Lynch.
The versions found in Central Park have oak slats that are painted Central Park Green, but ipe slats and several finishes, including natural, are also available. "The slats should last 20 to 40 years," says Lynch. "The only maintenance is touch-up paint for the powder coat and the replacement of slats. The design, durability and historic nature are what make the settee stand out." The 6-ft. settee is priced at $600; the 8-ft. version is $800.
's Expo bench graces the public gardens of The Schermerhorn Symphony Center in Nashville, TN. Photo: courtesy of Robinson Iron
Robinson Iron's Expo is a replica of a 19th-century park bench, an updated model of the classic bench also used in New York City's Central Park. It has been in production since the 1970s. "The original pattern was made for a World's Fair exposition," says Luke Robinson, co-owner of the family-run company. "We modified the back of the seat so it's not so deep. The 19th-century version, which may have been made to accommodate Victorian bustles, was difficult to get up from."
Made of cast-iron, the Expo is available with either oak or steel slats. "It's one of our more popular benches," says Robinson. "It's very utilitarian – it works in commercial, residential and public spaces. And the steel slats last forever." Available in 4-, 5-, 6- and 8-ft. lengths and a variety of slat finishes, the bench is priced at $1,400 to $1,800. A chair also is available.
The terra-cotta bench from Seibert & Rice
is delicate yet durable enough to weather freezing winters. Photo: courtesy of Seibert & Rice
Handmade in Impruneta, Italy, Seibert & Rice's terra-cotta bench is a study in restrained ornamentation, according to co-owner Lenore Rice. "Impruneta makes the best terra cotta in the country," she says. "The chemical composition of the soil has a high iron and calcium content, which makes a desirable density for terra cotta. All of the products we import, including this bench, are frost resistant."
The traditional Italian-style bench comes in three pieces – two bases plus the top that rests on a lip – so it's designed to be easy to assemble and is steady on its Classical feet. "It has a delicacy that's hard to achieve in terra cotta," Rice says. "There's no maintenance. I've had one outside for 16 years. It can last 100 years if you don't knock it over." The Seibert & Rice bench is 39 ins. long, 18.5 ins. tall and 12 ins. deep and is priced at $1,500.